wilderness conservation and restoration

2Gary KalpakoffCoyoteDeathValleyB&W8264


Please send this on Saturday or Sunday, before Monday morning, August 22, when the Kane County Commissioners will meet to consider a proposed ordinance to allow nighttime spotlight hunting of coyotes and other wildlife in Kane County, Utah.


Please change the wording so that it will be appropriate for you and where you live.


If you live outside Kane County and you would be less likely to visit if there were gunshots at night, please include that. You may also send it as it is.


Please see the instructions at the end.






Dear Chairman Clayson, Commissioner Smith, and Commissioner Matson,


I am very concerned about the proposed ordinance that would allow nighttime spotlight hunting of coyotes, jack rabbits, red foxes, and striped skunks in Kane County.


Kanab is such a peaceful town that draws tourists and visitors from all over the world. The local economy depends on these visitors.


I’m afraid that if people hear that shooting is allowed at night on public lands all around Kanab, and near Zion and Bryce Canyon National Parks, that far fewer tourists would come to Kane County. Many Americans and nearly all foreign visitors would be very alarmed by spotlights and gunshots at night. They would stay away, and this loss of tourist dollars would be a big blow to all local businesses and would mean loss of jobs too. Even worse, people, or their pets, could be hit by stray bullets. Fatal injuries could lead to lawsuits and very expensive liability issues for Kane county.


Many people really love coyotes. They are seen as a symbol of the American west. It is my understanding that they are a part of nature just like any other wild animal, and they are beneficial – they keep all of nature in balance.


Shooting at night would frighten all wildlife, causing animals to run out on to the roads, resulting in car crashes and human injuries or deaths. It would kill many more deer, and so many are already being killed on the roads. Spotlights would startle birds out of their nests, causing deaths to their young, and would seriously impact a number of sensitive or endangered species – California condors, bald eagles, sage grouse, and ferruginous hawks. Kit foxes who are just hanging on at the edge of extinction could be mistaken for coyotes and killed.


Nighttime spotlight hunting is just a really terrible idea – extremely dangerous for humans, and it would cause chaos on wild lands at night. Nights are meant to be peaceful in this very beautiful part of the world.


Thank you so much for considering this.




(Your name, and your city, state, and country.)



How to help


STEP ONE – If you are in Kane County, please attend the Kane County Commissioners meeting on Monday morning, 10 am, August 22, at the Kane County Courthouse building, 76, N. Main Street, Kanab.


STEP TWO – Wherever you live, please email your comments on nighttime coyote spotlight hunting by going to this email form. It’s very easy to fill out and send. You can cut and paste the email above or you can write your own. If you send this one, changing some of the wording will make it more effective.


Link to Email Form:



Thank you for helping coyotes, jack rabbits, and other innocent wild animals by opposing this really dangerous ordinance!


Photo: Gary Kalpakoff


To join our future efforts to protect wildlife and wild lands, email Wild Kane County,






 croppedGry KalpakoffDSC_8150


On Monday, August 22, 2016, Kane County Commissioners will be voting on an ordinance to allow nighttime spotlight hunting of coyotes, red foxes, striped skunks, and jack rabbits.


They will meet to vote on this ordinance on Monday, August 22, at 10 am, at the Kane County Courthouse building in Kanab, Utah.


If you will be in Kanab, Utah, on August 22, please attend this meeting if you can.


Please send an email to oppose this ordinance – see below for details.


Nighttime hunting of coyotes is a really terrible idea. First, it would cause enormous suffering to coyotes and other wildlife, but, in expressing our opposition, it’s important for us to present reasons that will be meaningful to a wide range of people. Here are some reasons that will resonate with everyone.


One) Human safety – Nighttime shooting is shooting in the dark. The hunter cannot see beyond, or to the side of, the handheld spotlight he carries. Bullets that miss their target may be life-threatening to campers and their children, to people walking their dogs at night, and to anyone out after dark, even to horses or goats in a field. It would mean that all Kane County lands would be unsafe after dark. A bullet can travel for three miles, putting human beings, pets, and wildlife within range of being hit.


Two) Economic harm to Kane County. The driving engine of Kane County’s economy is tourism – and dangerous gunfire at night may make people think twice about visiting. Right now, millions of tourists from all over the world visit Zion and Bryce Canyon National Parks, and our other beautiful wild canyonlands. According to the Deseret News, out-of-state tourists spend $8 billion a year in Utah, with one billion of that going to state and local revenue. If our peaceful nights are disrupted with flashing lights, loud gunshots, and a slew of gun accidents, Kane County’s reputation as one of the most spectacular tourist destinations in the country would be tarnished. If visitors were to stay away, this would harm local businesses, would cost jobs, and would be a real blow to the local economy.


Three) Liability for Kane County. It would be a very great tragedy if a human being were harmed or killed by nighttime shooting. It could also lead to lawsuits and could potentially be a very expensive liability for Kane County.


Four) Extra work and expense for law enforcement. Nighttime hunters would need to notify the Sheriff of their plans. Even with this requirement, frightening gunshots would lead to more 911 calls. There would be extra work and extra expense for the Sheriff and his deputies who would have to respond to these calls. Too many calls could lead to a delay in responding to an emergency.


Five) Increased risk of poaching. With people out shooting in the dark, it would be very hard for law enforcement to monitor who is shooting what. A dead deer on a truck would be less visible, and there could well be an increase in poaching.


Six) Road accidents. Gunshots, which are alarming to all animals, cause deer and other wildlife to panic and run. Nighttime shooting, occurring for ten months out of the year, would cause increased car crashes on roads, with a big spike in injuries and fatalities, not only among deer, but also human beings.


Seven) Unnecessary killing of wildlife. Coyotes are already being trapped and hunted in massive numbers during the daytime. Our Utah tax dollars are being used to pay a $50 bounty for every coyote killed. Yet they, and other predators, are known to self-regulate their own population and do not need to be killed. Coyotes are nature’s way of keeping a balance among the species, and we need them. When there are too few coyotes, nature is out of balance, then rabbits proliferate – along with more mice and pack rats that cause damage to our homes and car engines and may carry the deadly Hantavirus. Rodenticides and pesticides are not only cruel, they are toxic to birds of prey, to other wildlife, to our pets – and potentially to children. Coyotes, as top predators, do naturally keep the populations of these animals in check. Coyotes also keep deer and elk herds moving along so they do not stand grazing near streams, destroying young plants and saplings. Coyotes rejuvenate the wilderness, allowing the re-growth of healthy habitat and the return of small mammals, fish, and flocks of native birds. They are beneficial, and they enrich all of nature.


Eight) Spotlights cause bird deaths. In the spring, spotlights shining in the trees would startle native songbirds out of their nests. Songbirds cannot see in the dark and would not be able to return to their nests to keep their nestlings warm during the rest of the night. This would cause deaths among baby birds.


Nine) Not ethical hunting. Nighttime hunting with spotlights has nothing to do with traditional hunting. Spotlighting is banned in Utah, except where it is allowed by individual counties. There is no fair chase. Coyotes and other small animals are trapped in blinding lights. Both non-hunters and hunters can agree that this is not ethical hunting. No purpose at all is served by causing suffering and death to these animals. The repercussions to other wildlife and to people’s pets, are potentially enormous.


Ten) Harm to endangered and sensitive species. In addition, with this kind of unethical hunting, the carcasses, especially of jack rabbits, are just left in the field – which means that eagles, ravens, and other scavengers are at risk of being poisoned by the lead bullets used. This is an especially serious concern in the case of the critically endangered California condor that is a resident of Kane County. Lead poisoning is the primary source of fatalities among condors. Many Kane county birds and mammals are listed on the 2015 Utah sensitive species list, and all would be put at greater risk from shooting in the night. As well as bald eagles and condors, the sensitive species found in Kane county include short-eared owls, burrowing owls, ferruginous hawks, greater sage grouse, Lewis’s woodpeckers, long-billed curlew, Allen’s big-eared bats, fringed myotis bats, and the kit fox – a delicate animal who is the smallest fox in the Americas – and who, in the night, could easily be mistaken for a coyote. Some of these species are barely hanging on by a thread.


Eleven) Disturbance of the peace. Kanab is a small, peaceful, rural town, surrounded by public lands. These wild lands are an oasis of beauty, graced by the presence of magnificent cliffs and endearing wildlife. Nighttime shooting would be disruptive and frightening. Such activity would destroy the unique, tranquil character of this town and county.


Twelve) Nighttime coyote hunting would be very dangerous. It would be harmful to Kane County residents, visitors, and to all of nature. It would threaten human beings, as well as the beautiful wildlife and wild lands that surround us.



How to help


STEP ONE – If you are in Kane County, please attend the Kane County Commissioners meeting on Monday morning, 10 am, August 22, at the Kane County Courthouse building, 76, N. Main Street, Kanab.


STEP TWO – Wherever you live, please email your comments on nighttime coyote spotlight hunting by going to this email form. It’s very easy to fill out and send. Please state your city, state, and country. Address Commission Chairman Clayson, Commissioner Smith, and Commissioner Matson:

Link to Email Form:


What to write in your email: Put one or two of the points above into your own words. If you feel you may be less likely to visit Kane County if there are gunshots at night, please state that, and that when you visit, you would love to see coyotes in the wild. Anything you write – it can be very brief – will be a huge help!


STEP THREE – You may also call and leave a message for

Chairman Clayson  435-644-4902

Commissioner Smith 435-644-4903

Commissioner Matson 435-644-4904

Calls re Public Lands 435-644-4901


Thank you for helping coyotes, jack rabbits, and other innocent wild animals by opposing this really dangerous ordinance!


For more information, email Wild Kane County,


Photo: Gary Kalpakoff 






Our comments for the Federal Coal Review are due this Thursday, July 28, 2016. (The original deadline of July 23 was changed to July 28.)


This is our last best chance to let Sally Jewell, the Department of the Interior, and the BLM know how we feel about continuing to rely on coal as a source of energy in the U.S. – and specifically to let them know our views on the Alton Coal Mine and the devastating harm it could do to wildlife and wild land if it is allowed to expand on to 3,000 acres of public land near Alton, Utah. We do not want to see this happen, so this is our chance to speak up.


The key points below were compiled by Jim Shelton, of Wild Kane County. Surely, any one of these points would be enough in itself to mean that the Alton Coal Mine should never be allowed to do strip mining on our public land, that the three-year moratorium on new coal on U.S. public lands should be made permanent – and that we as a country must make a swift transition to clean energy.


Please feel free to use any of the key points below in your comment. It will be most effective if you include your own thoughts and if you rephrase any of the key points you use in your own words. However, it is okay to copy them verbatim if you need to do that. Any comment you send will be really helpful!


Proposed Alton Coal Mine – Key Points

By Jim Shelton, Wild Kane County


One – Dust Containment

Dust containment is nearly impossible. Covering coal can trap gasses, risking explosion. Dust from processing – mining through burning – contaminates the environment.


Two – Water Use

Coal processing uses enormous quantities of water; the Alton Coal Mine would use hundreds of thousands of gallons of water per year. Kane County is in a drought region. Alton is among our limited high altitude water sources.


Three – Water Pollution

Coal processing is highly polluting to water. 72% of America’s water pollution comes from coal plants. Processed water from a coal mine is contaminated and not easily disposed of without polluting the aquifer. We are all downhill/downstream from this aquifer. It is the source of half of our drinking water.


Four – Mercury Contamination

Alton Coal has high mercury content. Mercury is highly toxic to life forms. Mercury disperses during coal processing into water and through dust released into the air. Later, mercury is released into the air during combustion, when used for power or heating.


Five –  Fly Ash

Coal burning creates 140 million tons of fly ash in the US annually. A portion of the fly ash ends up in our water, air, and soil. Fly ash contains not only mercury, but several other carcinogenic toxins.


Six – Strip Mining

Strip mining is not allowed on most public lands, being too destructive to the environment. The ability to fully rehabilitate the landscape has not proved effective. Often naturally occurring heavy metals and other toxins lie under a thin layer of topsoil – particularly in mountain areas – releasing into surrounding soil and water during strip mining.


Seven – Subsidies

Coal subsidies in the US exceed $100 million dollars annually. Subsidizing a process, which adds to the CO2 imbalance in the atmosphere, global warming, and pollutes land, air, and water, is the wrong direction for our future.


Eight – Clean, Non-Combustible Energy Alternatives

To ensure a sustainable future, we need to look to sun, wind, and geothermal alternatives. Kane County has sites on private, state & federal land with great potential for these energy resources.


Nine – Exports

The US has deemed this coal unmarketable for domestic use, due to high sulfur and mercury content. Ethically, we should not export this product and spread the pollutants to other continents. Toxins move into the ocean and atmosphere of the planet we share.


Ten – Conserving Special Places

The mountains near Alton, UT are nearly pristine, a rare treasure in our world. They represent a small percentage of land area, but provide a large outlay of clean air, water, and a haven for wildlife. Strip mining coal to export to Asia seems a poor reason to destroy such habitat in our backyard. These resources are irreplaceable.


Please send your comment now to



This Thursday, July 28, is the deadline.


Thank you so much for helping save our wildlife and wild lands!


Wild Kane County




Photos: Sharon St Joan / Taken near the Alton coal Mine. The top photo is key sage grouse habitat that will be destroyed if the Alton Coal Mine is allowed to expand on to public land. The second photo is a nearby stream, used by wildlife, which may already be polluted.





A bobcat in California.


This is Part Two of a comment sent to the Department of the Interior and the Bureau of Land Management.


By Sharon St Joan


To read Part One first, click here.  


Destruction of wildlife corridors and wilderness


Furthermore, these public lands being considered for new coal expansion are right on a wildlife corridor that runs up through the Grand Canyon, through the Kaibab forest, through Kane County, Utah, and farther north on up to Canada. This is a key wildlife corridor for the annual mule deer migration, along with the animals that travel with them – including cougars and coyotes.


The western U.S. is one of the last remaining unspoiled areas on our planet. Even though in recent years, it has been heavily impacted and many areas have been damaged, destroyed and overrun by human activity, there do still remain some of the most extraordinarily beautiful natural lands anywhere on the planet.


Within a short drive of Kanab, Utah, there are several national parks, including Zion’s and Bryce Canyon. These giant towering red cliffs and amazing wilderness areas team with wildlife. They are places of wonder and great beauty, unmatched anywhere else on earth.



Red rock formations at Zion’s National Park.


Yet these unique, unparalleled wild places are being threatened by coal pollution and other fossil fuel extraction. The mysterious “hoodoo” rock formations of Bryce Canyon lie just ten miles from the site, near Alton, being proposed for more coal mining. Visitors to Bryce Canyon would no longer be able to look out over a clear vista of hills stretching all the way to the horizon, but instead would see heavy machinery at work destroying the lands below them.


 Effects on our economy


These wild areas are also the most important resource for our local economy. In the state of Utah, tourism brings in far more revenue and creates far more jobs that does the coal industry.


If we preserve the natural environment, these areas will continue to be places of beauty for tourists and visitors who are drawn here from all over the world, on into the future. If these areas are ruined and destroyed, as is now happening, this will simply lead us to a dead-end, with no future.


If we rely on a death-dealing industry, such as coal, instead of a life–sustaining industry such as tourism, then when the coal is gone, and when the coal companies have all gone bankrupt, as is already beginning to happen, we will be left with nothing. There will then be no jobs, no income, and no wild lands either.


The places of spectacular, unimaginable beauty will be gone, the wildlife, the trees, the lakes, and the streams will be gone – and nature, once it is demolished and eradicated, cannot truly be brought back – not for millions of years.


No fair return for nature’s destruction


I have read very carefully the entire text in the Federal Register of the requests for public comments, and I have understood that you are looking for specific kinds of comments. For example, you wish to know if we as taxpayers are receiving a fair return for the coal that is extracted from public lands.


I am not able to write the kind of comment you are looking for because, in my view, there can be no fair return for the destruction of the natural world. The earth, the forests, the rivers, the wildlife corridors, the canyon lands, and especially this incredibly magnificent area in southern Utah are priceless, invaluable treasures. No level of destruction of them should be allowed now or ever in the future, and no compensation could ever possibly be adequate.


We need clean energy


I would ask that you do whatever is in your power to make a just and speedy transition to clean energy. This will be possible by eliminating the hidden subsidies to the fossil fuel energy and by requiring existing coal and other fossil fuel companies to pay their fair share of taxes. With these hidden subsidies, estimated at around 19 billion dollars a year, eliminated, it will be possible to make significant investments in clean energy (also to bring about the technical innovations required for solar power to eliminate toxicity and, in the case of wind, to construct wind mills that do not cause bird deaths).


It will also be possible to provide programs and re-training for coal and other fossil fuel workers to join the new economy. These workers have worked hard to provide energy for us to heat and cool our homes and for us to have electricity, and they deserve a just transition. But coal is the energy of the past. Now it is time to move on.


If we wait and do nothing, the end of coal when it arrives will come with a jolt – like falling off a cliff. We will all — coal workers and all the rest of us — suffer greatly if we are caught off guard and are unprepared for this change. The time to move towards clean energy is now.


Other countries are already taking the lead in this. Saudi Arabia recently set aside two trillion dollars to move towards a new economy. Perhaps they are seeing something we haven’t yet looked at.


Clean energy is already, despite an uphill battle, making huge strides all over the world. It is now practical, feasible, and up and running in many countries.


It is time to value, protect, and care for the earth that we live on, to welcome new clean energy, and to move forward to a brighter, more stable and enduring, healthier future. That will be best for us as humans – and for all the innocent, amazing creatures with whom we share the planet.



Sage brush growing on BLM land near the Alton Coal Mine. Natural Sage Grouse habitat like this will be threatened if new coal leasing is allowed on public lands.


Thank you for accepting our comments and for considering the future of our western wild lands over the decades to come – for the well-being of our country, all people, the earth, and the animals.


Thank you.




Sharon St Joan

Kanab, Utah




Top photo: “No machine-readable author provided.” / Wikimedia Commons / “I, the copyright holder of this work, release this work into the public domain. This applies worldwide.” / A bobcat in California.


Second photo: Sharon St Joan / Red rock formations at Zion’s National Park.


Third photo: Sharon St Joan / Sage brush growing on BLM land near the Alton Coal Mine. Natural Sage Grouse habitat like this will be subject to destruction if new coal leasing is allowed on public lands.


To submit your own comment:




Or send in this message, which you may personalize, on the WildEarth Guardians website.


Thank you!








A stream that runs by the Alton Coal Mine.


The Department of the Interior and the Bureau of Land Management are conducting a three-year Review of the Federal Coal Program. Around 40 percent of U.S. coal is produced on public lands. These are the same lands which are the homes of wildlife, magnificent trees, and beautiful wilderness. Coal and other industrialization pollute and harm these lands and the wild animals and plants that live there.


The DOI and the BLM are accepting comments on the future use of public lands to produce coal. For the email address where you may send your comment, please see below. The deadline for comments is July 28, 2016. The following has been sent in as a comment. It is published here in two parts.


Part One


By Sharon St Joan


Thank you to the Department of the Interior and the Bureau of Land Management for the three-year moratorium on new coal mining on public lands, and for the opportunity to comment on the use of public lands for coal production.


The Alton Coal Mine – other impacts


About an hour north of where I live, in Kanab, Utah, is the Alton Coal Mine, built years ago on private land. For the past nine years, the BLM has been working on a proposal to lease 3,000 acres of adjacent public land to be used for open pit coal mining.


While there is nothing we can do about coal mining on private land, we who live in this area have watched for years the destruction that has already taken place to the surrounding eco-system, and we fear the threat of far greater and more devastating damage to nearby public lands if they were to be opened up to coal mining, as is being proposed.


When I drive up to the Alton area, I watch coal trucks that, even when they are empty, spew clouds of dust behind them destroying the roadside vegetation and the habitat of wild birds and animals.


A tributary of Kanab Creek has already been re-located by the mine and has been polluted with coal dust. Kanab Creek provides the drinking water for the city of Kanab. New expansion of coal on to public lands would further contaminate Kanab Creek, which is also the main source of water for wildlife.



The fate of sage grouse and native trees


A “lek,” or breeding ground, of the severely threatened sage grouse lies at the exact location of planned new coal expansion onto BLM land.



A male Greater Sage Grouse.


Although the sage grouse species should have been listed for protection under the Endangered Species Act, it was not. Instead, an impractical plan has been agreed to by eleven western states to “manage” sage grouse habitat. This plan involves allowing key, essential sage grouse habitat to be taken over by coal strip-mining and other industrialization, while at the same time attempting to design new habitat, which, it is hoped, any sage grouse that survive may move on to.


This new habitat is being created by having machines crunch up miles and miles of beautiful native pinion and juniper trees, leaving the dead remains of the trees littering the ground, so that it is impossible even for a human to walk over them. It is hard to imagine the sage grouse doing their beautiful mating dance on top of broken, splintered trees. In some cases, non-native grasses have been planted at these sites, which is ecologically inappropriate.



Juniper trees near the Alton Coal Mine, in an area just past where the trees have been destroyed.


There is no proof that the sage grouse will move onto these miles and miles of destroyed trees, which do not in any way resemble sage grouse habitat. In the meantime, the habitat of all the native species who used to live there – the coyotes, the deer, the elk, the rabbits, the beavers, foxes, cougars, bobcats, and the many small mammal and avian species — has been eradicated. And what is left behind is a land of desolation. This is wrong on many counts.


Climate impacts


Dead trees do not emit life-giving oxygen; instead, as they decay, they emit carbon dioxide. This pollution when added to the sum total of the pollution given off by the new coal mining itself is a significant addition to green house gases – which surely is not the direction we wish to go in.


Eradicating pristine natural habitat to make way for coal mining, which takes away the habitat of an already threatened species, the sage grouse, then trying to make up for this destruction by getting rid of even more habitat and displacing even more wildlife, does not make sense.




Top photo: Sharon St Joan /A stream running alongside the Alton Coal Mine.


Second photo: Pacific Southwest Region U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service / Wikimedia Commons / This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic license. / A male Greater Sage Grouse.


Third photo: Sharon St Joan / Juniper trees near the Alton Coal Mine, standing beyond the area of destroyed trees.



Continued in Part Two…



To submit your own comment:





Or send in this message, which you may personalize, on the WildEarth Guardians website:


Thank you!










This three-minute statement was presented on May 19, 2016 at the coal hearing in Salt Lake City, part of the Department of the Interior’s Federal Coal Review.


By Sharon St Joan


Thank you to the Department of the Interior for this hearing and for the three-year moratorium on new coal on public lands.


There is a workable solution that can work for all of us.


There are two ways to move forward to the future – one is to close our eyes– and if we do that we risk falling off a cliff.


The other way is to go forward with our eyes open, so that we can be sure-footed and clear about where we are going.


We need to move to a world beyond coal.


Planning for the future means creating good jobs in the clean energy sector.


All of us drive cars. We heat and cool our houses. We fly in airplanes. And we elect the leaders responsible for our current energy policies.


A clean energy future must include a just transition for workers who have worked hard to provide the energy that has sustained our way of life.


How can we afford to invest in clean energy?


By cutting out subsidies to the fossil fuel industry – estimated at $20 billion a year – we can invest instead in a just transition on two fronts.


First – programs for new, clean, healthy, good-paying jobs, for re-training and assistance for workers and their families.


Secondly, we need to invest in clean energy – solar and geo-thermal energy.


Clean energy is all ready here and is working well. This is the energy of the future and these are the jobs of the future.


Coal is the energy of the past. We are now seeing the largest coal companies go bankrupt. Alpha Natural Resources, Arch Coal, and just last month, in April, the largest U.S. coal company, Peabody, filed for bankruptcy.


According to a Blumberg news story, “The value of U.S. coal shares declined 83% in the four years from 2011 to 2015. That’s a decline of 83%!


A coal future is a mirage, shimmering in the distance, and soon to vanish.


We need to be ready for the future — or the end of fossil fuels will come suddenly, and we will not be ready. This would be a big blow to our lives, to the jobs of coal workers, and to our economy.


Investing in clean energy, along with re-building America’s crumbling bridges and roads will lift our economy out of the doldrums. It may even bring about an economic boom.


Utah has some of the most beautiful wild lands in the entire world. Kane County is surrounded by national parks.


Our economy in Kane County depends on tourism. Jobs depend on attracting tourists to the beauty of our wild lands. Three million tourists visit Zion’s National Park every year. No tourists will travel to visit coal mines.


The Alton Coal mine lies just ten miles south of Bryce Canyon. For twenty years, we have watched the Alton Coal Mine – spew coal dust into the air that we breathe, pollute streams, destroy trees and plants and the homes of wild animals. Kanab Creek, which provides our drinking water, has been heavily impacted.


The Alton Coal Mine must not be allowed to expand onto three thousand acres of our public lands – to wreak havoc on some of the last remaining, most beautiful wild lands on earth.


We all belong to the natural world, and we cannot live without it. We must stop destroying it.


We ask for a permanent, total end to all new coal on to public lands, for a full and just transition to clean energy now, for good jobs for all coal workers, and for a way forward that will be life-giving for all Americans and for everyone on the planet.


Thank you.


Written comments will be accepted until July 28. To send a comment on the future of coal on public lands to the Department of the Interior,




Photo: “This image or recording is the work of a U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service employee, taken or made as part of that person’s official duties. As a work of the U.S. federal government, the image is in the public domain. For more information, see the Fish and Wildlife Service copyright policy.”/ Wikimedia Commons / American Avocets at Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge, Great Salt Lake, Utah. Coal pollution destroys wild habitat.









By Sharon St Joan


On May 19, 2016, in a room in Salt Lake City’s Salt Palace, virtually every seat was taken and of the 750 people there, perhaps 650 were coal workers, bussed in early that morning by Utah’s coal companies to attend the Coal Hearing held by the Department of the Interior and the BLM. This was one of six hearings, held in six cities, all part of the Department of the Interior’s Review of the Federal Coal Program.


On the way to the room, navigating the long, maze-like corridors of the Salt Palace, we had passed men handing out bright yellow t-shirts, with the word “Coal” emblazoned on the front in large letters. Now, there was a sea of rows of yellow shirts at the meeting. Understandably, like most people everywhere, people in the coal industry value their jobs.


It is commonly believed by us, a naïve public, that public lands have been set aside by the U.S. Government to preserve wilderness areas intact, and to protect the wild species that live there. However, industrialization of these lands is not only allowed, it has been prioritized by acts of Congress. This is the real meaning of those signs one sees everywhere on western lands that read, “Land of many uses.” We may think that “many uses” must mean hiking, bird watching, or photography – but no, it actually means drilling for oil, fracking, mining for coal, uranium, potash – and just about anything that can be extracted from under the ground. It is undeniable that coal and other forms of industrialization destroy the land itself, and that their pollution contaminates the whole, surrounding area – the air, the streams, the trees and vegetation, the wildlife and their habitat – yet, the use of public lands in this way is actually prioritized by law.




Forty percent of U.S. coal is extracted from public lands.


At the May 19 hearing, those of us who wished to speak were each allotted three minutes. Many coal workers spoke stressing the value of their jobs to their families and to the community, expressing the feeling that it was a very safe industry. One woman described the stream that ran near her house, in coal country, as being exceptionally clean. They caught the fish that swam there, and ate them. It was “very clean” she said. Another coal worker talked about drinking the water in that area and giving it to his children to drink. Several expressed a wish that their children and grandchildren might also grow up to be coal miners. Coal companies are very adept at fostering a world vision in which there is no climate change and no pollution, one in which great jobs and unending supplies of “clean” coal go on forever and forever.


3 - 800px-Mule_Deer_in_Zion_Canyon


They do have good paying jobs. We were told that they make an average of $80,000 a year. Many of the coal workers talked about their community service projects, donating and volunteering with little league teams and other sports events. One man said that they love eagles “as much as anybody else,” and that caring for their habitat is part of his job at the coal mine.


Those in opposition to coal on public lands included faith leaders, conservationists, and the concerned general public, as well as a number of scientists and physicians. They spoke, for the most part, about the need to preserve wild lands, about the damaging health effects of pollution, and about the need for a just transition for coal workers to jobs in the fields of clean energy. One woman, a physician, talked in detail about the evidence of unsafe levels of mercury that had been found in the water near coal sites. As she spoke, a ripple of laughter ran through the audience – it seemed not so much unkind laughter, as simply a reaction of disbelief – stemming from simply not accepting the statistics. After all, in the communities in coal country, an alternate view prevails.


4 - 800px-AntelopeIslandEchoGhosttowns_221


During the hearing, no one jeered, no one booed; in fact the ambiance of the meeting was cordial and polite – due in large measure to the skill of the moderator and the tone he set at the beginning, encouraging everyone to “say hello and shake hands with your neighbors.” He offered one or two reminders during the course of the hearing to be respectful of everyone, especially towards those whose who have differing views. Everyone was allowed to speak, uninterrupted.


The Department of the Interior and the BLM will be putting together an overview of coal on public lands, incorporating the views of the public. This will take some time and will be completed within three years. If you live in the U.S., wherever you live, public lands are your lands, and you have an interest in safeguarding them as part of the natural world, preserving their intrinsic beauty, and protecting the magnificent, innocent wild animals who live there. The comment period will end on July 28, 2016.


Please send a comment to




Further information and a sample email will follow soon.


To read the January 14, 2016, New York Times article, In Climate Move, Obama Halts New Coal Mining Leases on Public Land, click here.


To read the Sierra Club’s account of the hearing, click here.





Top photo: Jwanamaker / Wikimedia Commons / This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. / This Bighorn was seen just below the summit of Mt. Wheeler in New Mexico.


Second photo: U.S. Forest Service, Southwestern Region, Kaibab National Forest./ Wikimedia Commons / This image is a work of the Forest Service of the United States Department of Agriculture. As a work of the U.S. federal government, the image is in the public domain. / Aspen trees in fall color on the North Kaibab Ranger District.


Third photo: Daniel Mayer / Wikimedia Commons / This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. / Mule deer in Zion Canyon.


Fourth photo: LIC Habeeb at ml.wikipedia / Wikimedia Commons / This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license. / Rock formation in Carbon County, Utah, Antelope Island Echo Ghost Towns.